What is a covenant?

Covenants might not sound like a fascinating topic at first glance, but believe me, they are mind-blowing! So many other Biblical topics will come into focus once you understand covenants. Keep reading, friend. God’s promises are going to knock your socks off!

Covenants are still in place. God still operates based on his covenants. Maybe you are in a covenant now and don’t give it the gravity it deserves.

If you are a follower of Jesus, you are in a covenant. If you are married, you are in a covenant. Walk with me as we discover how vital these pacts are and what our Savior has cut with us.

MORE: This text was taken from my new faith-based Instagram account, House of Palms. I hope you’ll come join us over on Instagram as we find answers in the Bible, topic by topic! FOLLOW @house.of.palms

What is a covenant?

A covenant is a solemn oath between two loving friends. It is essentially saying: We are one. Your enemies are my enemies. Your family is my family. From this moment forward we are one.

“He who has entered into this compact with another, counts himself the possessor of a double life; for his friend, whose blood he has shared, is ready to lay down his life with, or for him,” says H. Clay Trumbull, author of The Blood Covenant.

Traditionally, throughout time and throughout the world, a covenant was sealed with a sharing of blood. Why? Because blood represents life. This transfusion of life is symbolic. They share the same blood and life now.

When the Bible says a covenant was “made,” it uses the Hebrew word karath, which means to cut. They literally cut a covenant. In many pacts blood was shed and a new pact was born. 

“On that day the Lord made [karath] a covenant with Abram, saying, “To your offspring I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates …” (Gen 15:18)

▪️As you read through your Bible from now on, I highly recommend that you highlight the word “covenant” each time. One of the most important studies I have ever done was Covenant, by Kay Arthur. In her book, she has us highlight “covenant” in red — I used pink because that’s what I had. It stands out for me every time I look at those pages now. Those pink words jump off the page in a new way. Covenant is a special word, a special promise to acknowledge.

Why does the Bible talk so much about blood?

Why does the Bible talk so much blood?

There’s a tremendous amount of talk about blood in the Bible! It might seem gory at first, but as with all its content, it’s for a specific purpose. God, Jesus, the Holy Spirit and the angels abide in the spiritual realm (see my angels post here). They do not have flesh and blood. Blood is unique to men and animals who are tied to this earth in physical bodies.

That is why Jesus emphasizes remembering his body and blood during communion. 

We are to remember that Jesus loves us so much that he was willing to put on flesh and blood, to be tied to our sinful earth and exist lower than the angels for a little while, in order that we might secure a future with him in Heaven.

The wage for sin is death, and the loss of blood signifies death. In the old testament an animal was sacrificed and the blood of an innocent lamb would cover the sin, but not permanently. This was to be done over and over for atonement. That’s the power of Christ’s blood. He shed it one time — one time for all eternity for all people.

Intermingling of blood (lives) of people in covenant with each other is beautiful. But an intermingling of blood (lives) between God and man is remarkably, wonderfully, baffling.

“It is the same in the New Covenant as it was in the Old. Atonement, salvation, rescue, redemption, is by the blood, the life, of Christ: not by his death as such; not by his broken body in itself; but by the blood with was given at the inevitable cost of his broken body and of his death,” Clay Trumbull points out.

If this is still fuzzy so far, that’s ok. Keep going with me. It will come into focus soon. Remember that blood is life. 

How was a covenant cut in ancient times?

How was a covenant cut in ancient times?

There are different ancient rituals for blood covenants over time and throughout the world, but here are some common ones:

  • A cutting of flesh and shedding of blood
  • Intermingling of blood to symbolize intercommunion
  • An oath pledging oneness
  • Sometimes men walked a figure 8 around a carcass cut in half and blood flowing between to represent a forever covenant, linking two pieces, with God as the center and judge. ♾ If I go against my oath, may this or worse happened to me. 
  • Exchanging garments and apparel, I am putting on you and you are putting on me
  • A meal afterward to symbolize nourishment and communion
  • The scars will be a reminder of the covenant

Do some of these things sound familiar to you? 

  • Christ shed his blood for us.
  • He invites us still today to intermingle his blood with ours by drinking of wine that represents his blood during communion.
  • He put on our flesh so that we could put on the full armor of God.
  • He gave us the Lord’s supper to symbolize his new covenant with us and communion with God.
  • He has scars that are a reminder of his crucifixion and love.

How many covenants are there in the Bible? He remembers his covenant forever!

How many covenants are there in the Bible?

In the Old Testament, God made covenants with:

  • Adam
  • Noah
  • Abraham
  • Moses/Israelites
  • David

“All these covenants serve the purpose of creating a new partnership into which God can eventually invite all humankind. Unfortunately, Israel eventually breaks these covenants with God,” says The Bible Project.

In the New Testament, God only makes one covenant with humankind:

  • The New Covenant

“But as it is, Christ has obtained a ministry that is as much more excellent than the old as the covenant he mediates is better, since it is enacted on better promises. For if that first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no occasion to look for a second (Heb 8:6-7).”

Christ makes the old covenant obsolete, praise him! (Heb 8:13) We could not keep the law of the Old Testament and broke the covenant. The penalty is death! But entering a covenant with Christ covers our sins and gives us power through the Holy Spirit to do God’s will! (See What is God’s will for my life?)

God's covenant with Noah

God’s covenant with Noah

The earth “was corrupt in the sight of God, and the earth was filled with violence.” (Gen 6:11) God was going destroy all of his corrupted creation but Noah found favor in his eyes. God told him to build an ark with specific instructions.

COVENANT: “For behold, I will bring a flood of waters upon the earth to destroy all flesh in which is the breath of life under heaven. Everything that is on the earth shall die. But I will establish my covenant with you, and you shall come into the ark, you, your sons, your wife, and your sons’ wives with you.”

After the flood has subsided and the only family of survivors were on ground, Noah offered a sacrifice 

BLOOD: “Then Noah built an altar to the Lord and took some of every clean animal and some of every clean bird and offered burnt offerings on the altar.”

And God spoke more on his covenant:

“I will remember my covenant that is between me and you and every living creature of all flesh. And the waters shall never again become a flood to destroy all flesh. When the bow is in the clouds, I will see it and remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is on the earth.” (Gen 9:15-16)

“So the next time you see a rainbow, remember you belong to a covenant-making, covenant-keeping God who can be trusted. The rainbow is His reminder to Himself of His covenant, and in sharing it with us, we can remember that He means what He said! Thank You, Lord, for the rain … and the rainbow!” — Kay Arthur, Covenant

as many as the stars in the sky

God’s covenant with Abraham

After the flood, more corruption, and the fall of the Tower of Babel, we meet Abram (later named Abraham by God). He was a decedent of Noah’s son Shem.

Humans were meant to rule creation through the love and power of God. But humans broke this partnership over and over. So God chose a smaller group of people to work through and walk in covenant with — the Jewish people — to one day restore communion with all mankind.

Abraham was the first Jew, the father of a nation, and the only man God called his friend in the Old Testament.

The Bible gives us five times God discussed his covenant with Abraham (Gen 12:1-3, Gen 12:7, Gen 13:14-17, Gen 15, Gen 17). The first time is God telling him to leave his home in Ur. 


“I will make you into a great nation,
    and I will bless you;
I will make your name great,
    and you will be a blessing.

I will bless those who bless you,
    and whoever curses you I will curse;
and all peoples on earth
    will be blessed through you.”

In his covenant with Abraham, God promises:

  • land
  • many decedents
  • he will bless those who bless him and curse those who dishonor him 
  • all people on earth would be blessed through him

God promises him a few times he will have as many dependents as stars in the sky and as plentiful as dust on the earth or sand on the seashore — even though Abraham and Sarah were advancing in age and still had no children. 

BLOOD: Next, we will see next how God himself entered into the ancient ritual of bloody covenant, how Abraham circumcised himself and kinsmen according to the covenant and how God tested Abraham’s covenant friendship by asking him to sacrifice his only son. 

I am your sheild

God himself walks into an ancient covenant ritual

The fourth time we see God confirming his covenant with Abram is in Genesis 15. In fact, God takes part in the ancient covenant ritual himself! Let’s take a look. 

Abram asks God how he will know he will possess the land God promised him. 

God tells him to bring him a three-year-old heifer, three-year-old goat, a three-year-old ram, a turtle dove, and a young pigeon. Abram cut them all in half, except the birds.

“When the sun had gone down and it was dark, behold, a smoking fire pot and a flaming torch passed between these pieces. On that day the Lord made [karath] a covenant with Abram, saying, “To your offspring I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates,… (Genesis 15:17)”

Sacrificing an animal, cutting it in two with a wall of blood between the two pieces was customary in ancient times for making a covenant. A covenant is between two friends with God In the center as the judge.

Often when pledging a covenant, one would walk through the two pieces in a figure 8 and declare “May God do this to me and worse if I break my covenant to you.”

Jeremiah 34:18 gives us some insight into this ritual. “Those who have violated my covenant and have not fulfilled the terms of the covenant they made before me, I will treat like the calf they cut in two and then walked between its pieces.”

But “when God made a promise to Abraham, since he had no one greater by whom to swear, he swore by himself (Heb 6:13).”

Even after all of this reassuring from the Lord, Abram and Sarai cannot wait for their promised son. Abram gives into his wife’s request to sleep with her maidservant Hagar, and Hagar conceives a son. But when Abram was 99 years old God confirms their covenant yet again, that he would have a son with his wife Sarah the same time next year. They are to name him Isaac (Gen 17).

heirs according to the promise

Why did God ask the Israelites to be circumcised?

We saw the covenant God made with Abraham: to give him a land, many descendants and that one day the nations would be blessed through him.

Remember most covenants are made with blood, which symbolize life. Circumcision is a cutting with blood, as well as a symbolic reminder of God’s covenant.

“And God said to Abraham, “As for you, you shall keep my covenant, you and your offspring after you throughout their generations. This is my covenant, which you shall keep, between me and you and your offspring after you: Every male among you shall be circumcised. You shall be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskins, and it shall be a sign of the covenant between me and you (Gen 17:4-11).”

Kay Arthur explains: “Why this kind of sign? Because it was a cut in the flesh closest to the site of paternity so they would remember the covenant cut with Abraham in the promise of Abrahams seed — descendants who would be like the stars in the heavens and the sand on the seashore.”

God knows we are limited by our flesh and gives us visual symbols and reminders of covenants: rainbows, stone tablets, stone alters, Passover, communion, scars, wedding rings … to remember promises.

Jesus was circumcised as Jewish child. Now we are in a new covenant, through him. He fulfilled the covenant, that through the seed of Abraham would come the Messiah, the blessing to all people on the earth! So now there is no need to circumcise in accordance with the old law. “For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision counts for anything, but only faith working through love (Gal 5:6).”

If you’ve been taking this all in, this next verse will sing into your heart!:

“So in Christ Jesus you are all children of God through faith, for all of you who were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ. There is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither slave nor free, nor is there male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus. If you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise (Gal 3:26-29).”

Now any who have faith in Jesus are Abraham’s seed! We are heirs in this ancient promise!

Why did God ask Abraham to sacrifice his son?

On the outside it seems barbaric that God would ask Abraham to kill his own son. God cannot contradict himself, so why would he command Abraham to do something outside his law?

The difference here is that God and Abraham are covenant friends, not strangers. They are family, in an oath together. So God tested this relationship, as any relationship would be tested. Would Abraham abide by their blood covenant?

He did. An angel stops him in the last minute from killing Isaac, his long-awaited son, and God provides a sacrificial ram caught in thorns. (Thorns, by the way, represent the sin of the world! Gen 3:17)

We also know from Hebrews 11:17-19 that Abraham thought God would raise Isaac back from the dead. Abraham faithfully believed God’s promise even unto death.

What was the purpose of this request? Here are several reasons:

  1. Tests Abraham as a covenant friend of the Lord.
  2. Increases Abraham’s faith.
  3. Gives future descendants an example of faith.
  4. Foreshadows God’s sacrifice of his only son. 

“And the angel of the Lord called to Abraham a second time from heaven and said, “By myself I have sworn, declares the Lord, because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son, I will surely bless you, and I will surely multiply your offspring as the stars of heaven and as the sand that is on the seashore. And your offspring shall possess the gate of his enemies, and in your offspring shall all the nations of the earth be blessed, because you have obeyed my voice.” Genesis 22:15-18

God asked Abraham to sacrifice his only son, but spares him. In the tenth plague in Egypt, God kills every first-born male except those with lamb’s blood on the doorstep in the first Passover. But when it came to his only son, God saw it through until the bloody end and saved the world!

Source for graphic info: Got Questions

Why did God call Abraham his friend?

Abraham is the only man God calls his friend in the Old Testament (Isaiah 41:8). He called him his friend because they were in a blood covenant with one another. They were each tested and faithful to their oath.

Abraham was tested over and over. God asked him to move, circumcise his clan, wait 100 years for a son, even sacrifice his son! And Abraham was faithful, obedient.

When God cut a covenant with Abraham in Genesis 15, God tells him his offspring will be sojourners and servants for 400 years before the land will be theirs. “But I will bring judgment on the nation that they serve, and afterward they shall come out with great possessions. … And they shall come back here in the fourth generation, for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet complete.” 

God is sharing information with Abraham, as covenant friends do. He is letting him on the inside and foreshadowing his next covenant with Abraham’s descendant, Moses.

How radical is it then that Jesus calls us HIS friends! As God did with Abraham, Jesus lets us in.

“No longer do I call you servants, for the servant does not know what his master is doing; but I have called you friends, for all that I have heard from my Father I have made known to you (John 15:15).”

i have remembered my covenant

God honors his covenant and rescues the Israelites out of Egypt

As God said, Abraham’s seed — the Hebrews — were enslaved in Egypt for 400 years before God pulled them out.

God built on top of his foundational covenant with Abraham in a new promise with the Israelites, through Moses. 

Abraham’s grandson, Jacob, had 12 sons — the 12 tribes of Israel. Moses came from the line of Levi. He was raised by Pharaoh’s daughter, who found him in a basket in the Nile River. His mother had floated him down the water in hopes to save his life from from Pharaoh’s orders to kill all boys born to the Hebrews. (Exodus 1:22)

You see, God had kept good on his promise to Abraham! The Hebrews grew strong and multiplied so large that the Egyptians were fearful they could overtake them.

Moses grew up in the House of Pharaoh, but fled Egypt after he struck down and killed an Egyptian who was beating a Hebrew.

God came to him as he was keeping the flock of his father-in-law in the wilderness and called him out. He was to tell Pharaoh to let the Hebrews go.

Pharaoh refused and God sent ten plagues.

How curious that the first plague he enacted upon Egypt was to turn the water of the Nile river into blood! The blood covenant with Abraham and his descendants was in full effect.

Each plague also mocked Egyptian gods:

  1. Water turned to blood – Hapi, god of the Nile
  2. Frogs – Heket, goddess of fertility with frog head
  3. Gnats from dust – Geb, god of earth
  4. Swarms of flies – Khepri, god of creation with fly head
  5. Death of livestock – Hathor, goddess of love and protection with cow head
  6. Boils – Isis, goddess of medicine and peace
  7. Hail – Nut, goddess of sky
  8. Locusts – Seth, god of storms
  9. 3 days of darkness – Ra, god of sun

But then there was the final plague that is bursting with echoes of covenant and prophesy of what was to come!

Jesus in the Passover

Jesus in the Passover

We see references to the test God gave Abraham in sacrificing his only son and God sacrificing his only son during the tenth plague on Egypt.

“At midnight the Lord struck down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of the livestock (Ex 12:29).”

But something saved the Israelites — the blood of the lamb sacrifice they painted over their doors. The blood was a symbol of covenant. The blood of the innocent lamb spared them from the angel of death.

God told them to eat the roasted lamb that night and keep this tradition throughout the generations.

As in most ancient covenant traditions, you exchange blood, you eat a meal together, two are becoming one. By the lamb entering their bodies they were entering communion with God. They were making it a part of themselves.

Jesus, our Savior and perfect lamb died on Passover, fulfilling completely the old covenant.

For the Son of Man came to seek and to save the lost

God’s covenant with the Israelites & Moses

The next covenant God makes is with the Israelites. He makes this pact through Moses, his chosen leader. The Israelites are to be a nation that represents God to the rest of the world, building on top of God’s promise to Abraham that his descendants would be a blessing to the entire world.

COVENANT: God directs Moses to deliver his message to the Israelites while he is on Mount Sinai. “Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples, for all the earth is mine; and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation (Ex 19:5-6).”

This is when the 10 Commandments are introduced, as well as laws of living and animal sacrifice.

BLOOD: Moses “sent young men of the people of Israel, who offered burnt offerings and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen to the Lord. And Moses took half of the blood and put it in basins, and half of the blood he threw against the altar. Then he took the Book of the Covenant and read it in the hearing of the people. And they said, ‘All that the Lord has spoken we will do, and we will be obedient.’ And Moses took the blood and threw it on the people and said, ‘Behold the blood of the covenant that the Lord has made with you in accordance with all these words.’”

Unlike God’s covenants with Noah and Abraham, this covenant is conditional. The Israelites must keep his law to receive blessing. As time goes on, God’s people did not keep his law and were unable to uphold their part of the covenant pact. The law showed them their sin and need for a savior.

The Mosaic covenant is what Jesus said he came to fulfill in Matthew 5! We’ll talk about the New Law a little later.

New Covenant - Now my debt is paid, it is paid in full!

Why were animals sacrificed in the Old Testament?

God loves his creation, he loves his animals, but he loves us even more! He is a balance of justice and grace. God’s covenant with Abraham promises to multiply his descendants, so God found a way to save them from their sin and rebellion.

The bloodshed from an animal — and remember that blood means life — didn’t blot out their sin forever, but only atoned it, or only offered “reparation for an offense,” as Merriam-Webster says. So this would have to be done again and again.

“For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it for you on the altar to make atonement for your souls, for it is the blood that makes atonement by the life (Lev 17:11).”

Leviticus lays out with precision and detail how and when sacrifices were to be made at the tabernacle in the wilderness.

“Sin offerings and guilt offerings focused on paying for sin. The sin offerings atoned for sins against God. The guilt offerings addressed sins against others, and included paying damages with interest. Various animals were offered, depending on the person’s position and income,” according to Rose Book of Bible Charts.

Sacrificing animals cost livestock and therefore wealth. Seeing the blood run out would have reminded Israelites that the punishment for sin is death — it should be their blood spilling instead. These symbolic acts would have also “showed the Israelites how much God wanted to stay in his covenant relationship with them, so they could become the “kingdom of priests” who would reflect God’s good nature.” — The Bible Project

Instead, Christ, who is the perfect lamb, died ONCE for ALL sin so that we can be reunited with our Father in Heaven! His blood was shed and life given to cover the blood that we should shed for our sins.

We no longer sacrifice animals because Jesus paid it all. If we continued to sacrifice animals according to the old law, it would be saying what he did on the cross wasn’t enough. Not only did he spill his innocent blood for us, but he rose again! He continues to live and offer himself as a substitution to anyone who believes in him!


For all of you who were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ

David’s covenant with Jonathan

God made a covenant with David. This rested upon and reinforced the Abrahamic covenant. God said that the Messiah would come from David’s lineage (2 Sam 7).

The Bible also tells us about a covenant between David and Jonathan. Jonathan was king Saul’s son and heir to the throne. It was an unlikely friendship as Jonathan willingly gave up his possibility of kingship to David. 

“As soon as he had finished speaking to Saul, the soul of Jonathan was knit to the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul. And Saul took him that day and would not let him return to his father’s house. Then Jonathan made a covenant with David, because he loved him as his own soul. And Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was on him and gave it to David, and his armor, and even his sword and his bow and his belt (1 Sam 18:1-4).”

Why would Jonathan give David these five items? It was symbolic. He was saying I am putting on you and you put on me.

Now read this verse with that in mind:

“Stand therefore, having fastened on the belt of truth, and having put on the breastplate of righteousness, and, as shoes for your feet, having put on the readiness given by the gospel of peace. In all circumstances take up the shield of faith, with which you can extinguish all the flaming darts of the evil one; and take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God, praying at all times in the Spirit, with all prayer and supplication (Eph 6:14-18).

Galatians 3:26-27 tells us, “So in Christ Jesus you are all children of God through faith, for all of you who were baptized into Christ have CLOTHED yourselves with Christ.”

Christ put on our flesh by coming to Earth as man so we can put on his “robe of righteousness,” as Kay Arthur puts it.

But remember, it is a choice to put on your new self in Christ! Dr. Tony Evans says, “I can buy you a new, beautiful dress, but it won’t do you any good if it stays in the closet. God can give you new clothes, but he won’t dress you. You have to decide to put it on.”

This is my blood poured out for many

What is the New Covenant?

Jesus, the perfect lamb, fulfilled the old covenant and prophesies. The messiah was born from the seed of Abraham, through the line of David and delivered the Israelites (and gentiles!) from sin.

COVENANT: God made a covenant with his people in the Old Testament, but the people could not uphold their end of the pact — the law. God sent his son to establish the final New Covenant. Jesus came to us in human flesh, lived a perfect life, died on the cross willingly for the sins of many. He rose from the dead and made the Old Covenant (the law) obsolete (Hebrews 8:13).

“The New Covenant (or New Testament) is the promise that God makes with humanity that He will forgive sin and restore fellowship with those whose hearts are turned toward Him. Jesus Christ is the mediator of the New Covenant, and His death on the cross is the basis of the promise (Luke 22:20).” — Got Questions

BLOOD: There are two things Jesus asks of those who want to be in covenant with him: 1) be baptized in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit 2) partake in communion — the symbolic drinking of wine representing Christ’s blood and eating bread representing his body. Those who place their trust in him will now receive the Holy Spirit!

We still have many dos and don’ts, but we are no longer under the old law. “The genius of it, that which holds it all together, is bound up with joyful submission to the Lordship of Christ. It’s bound up with the power of the spirit working in us to produce not simply obedience versus disobedience but to produce the fruit of the spirit …” says Don Carson in a video with The Gospel Coalition.

“But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the Lord: I will put my law within them, and I will write it on their hearts. And I will be their God, and they shall be my people (Jer 31:33).” 

set me as a seal upon your heart - marriage and love verse

The covenant of marriage

Being in a covenant with God is wonderful! He is perfect after all. But what about being in covenant with other people? People are imperfect and messy. YOU and I are imperfect and messy!

When a marriage is built on the foundation of God it is strong and will withstand the storm. You can also think of it as a braid. You and your spouse are two strands, and that is stronger than only one strand, but weave in the third strand — God — and you have a braid that is thick and not easily broken.

COVENANT: “Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and hold fast to his wife, and they shall become one flesh (Gen 2:24).”

BLOOD: In this covenant the two become one, knit in soul, but also anatomically. During intercourse man and women become literally one flesh, sometimes with bleeding from the women’s hymen.

Marriage was created by God to be a tangible representation of his relationship with his people. It is meant to point toward him and advance his kingdom. Jesus is referred to as our bridegroom over and over! (I can’t wait to talk more about that in the next communion series!)

In her book Covenant, Kay Arthur gives us some suggestions how to take covenant seriously in our marriages:

  • putting on one another’s robe
  • protecting and aiding your covenant partner from enemies
  • taking care of the descendants (your children)
  • taking a walk into death where it’s death to independent living
  • being a friend

Check out my 4-part blog series on how to make your marriage last!

Are you in a covenant relationship with Jesus Christ?

As with all covenant relationships, there are blessings and responsibilities. Christ sacrificed a period of separation from God and the Holy Spirit for the first and only time in eternity while he was on that cross, so that God’s wrath would come down on him instead of us. He currently intercedes for us, commands his angel armies to aid us, he is our high priest. Now that’s someone I want to have on my side!

To enter into covenant with him, to walk in the Spirit with Christ, we must take off our old robe of fleshy desires and put on his of righteousness. “Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. The old has passed away; behold, the new has come (2 Cor 5:17).”

Our covenant responsibilities include (Matt 10:34-39):

  • Love Jesus more than anyone
  • Take up our cross and follow him (even if it costs friends, reputation, job, even your life)
  • Walk with him closely, minute by minute
  • Lose our old way of life and build it around him instead

As the disciples, we cannot follow these measures faithfully, but that is why God has sent us the Holy Spirit! “And behold, I am sending the promise of my Father upon you. But stay in the city until you are clothed with power from on high (Luke 24:49).” The Holy Spirit will teach us and bring remembrance (John 14:26).

“Look! I stand at the door and knock. If you hear my voice and open the door, I will come in, and we will share a meal together as friends.” Rev. 3:20

Jesus is talking about entering in covenant with him, sharing the covenant meal of intercommunion and becoming true friends. He’s inviting you into the ritual of old and promise eternity. Have you accepted this invitation?

If you have not and want to know more, send me an email at! Don’t hesitate for a moment! It’s my favorite thing to talk about and the most important decision you will ever make.

MORE: This text was taken from my new faith-based Instagram account, House of Palms. I hope you’ll come join us over on Instagram as we find answers in the Bible, topic by topic! FOLLOW @house.of.palms

The Bible Project has this amazing 5 minute video that sums up covenants so well! Watch it below:

[instagram-feed user=”house.of.palms” num=9 cols=3 width=610]

5 thoughts on “What is a covenant?

  1. Thank you, Kate, for such a clear explanation! You have a gift for explaining biblical things and I really hope you keep it up:)

  2. Mel, your comment means more to me than you can know! Sometimes I wonder who will read these in-depth posts on strange topics for our world today. So thank you for your encouragement and motivation to move forward! So kind of you.

  3. Hi Kate! Anonymous, here! Over the recent July 4th “holiday” we all renewed our love of God, country, & freedom. Also, my husband & I determined on the 3rd, to celebrate our 50th wedding anniversary. (Quietly, but we DO take our vows seriously!) What a treat to read your treatise on covenants. Well written. How thorough is our God. So exacting, strict, demanding…so only HE could pay our sin debt in full. What love! Covenanted love, forever love. I pray that our upcoming generations will be drawn to examine the “flightiness” of their lives, the microwave mindset that has conformed them to the world. Faithfulness, loyalty, promise-keeping, integrity, & conviction are rare qualities today, sadly. People need to read your article. Thank you so much.

  4. Your comment makes my day! I wrote this and was so excited to learn all of it, but I feared no one would read it, haha! So thank you for taking the time to write this beautiful comment. It is my prayer too that upcoming generations would be drawn to the depth and conviction of the Bible. Happy anniversary!!! 50 years is something very, very special. Thank you for being a wonderful example to so many.

  5. Hello Kate,

    I was thinking lately about blood covenants made in the Bible and in history and in the world, and about the growing evil that is taking place in the world today. I just have certain thoughts about this: regarding the concept of marriage and adultery both physical and spiritual. I remembered how a female normally has a hymen and that there is obviously no purpose for this other than the fact that this is about the male cutting a covenant with the female, thus signifying how serious the physical union is between a man and a woman and what it means. Now, Christians are strongly aware that fornication and adultery is a sin, or that leaving a wife or husband is breaking this serious “blood covenant”. But they don’t seem to think much about making sure they do not commit adultery with the world and do not fornicate with the world around them, and which does not have anything to do with the physical act of sex. But if there is blood involved, we have to stop and think. What I am trying to get to is this lie about “covid” or the lie that a virus can dominate the whole world. This is pure nonsense. A virus is not even a microorganism and it is an “urban legend” even to say that one particular virus can dominate in a single neighbourhood. So “covid” is a false god, denying that Jesus is the true Ruler of the world. But what is this “covid” about? It is about “the world” and Satan who is the god of this world, trying to have more and more dominance over the people in it. Satan wants worship and he wants followers who are joined to him. So he uses the evil rulers of the world to push a lie – the “strong delusion” that a virus can dominate the whole world. It’s really Satan in disguise.

    Isaiah 10:1 WOE unto them that decree unrighteous decrees, and that write grievousness which they have prescribed; 2 To turn aside the needy from judgment, and to take away the right from the poor of my people, that widows may be their prey, and that they may rob the fatherless!

    So we can see God is also referring to the people today that are pushing any kind of “covid” rules. The fact that they try to compel people and threaten their lives, proves that it is not about health. Ultimately, they want to inject you. They want to impregnate you. They want you to make a blood covenant with them/the world or with Satan himself! That’s what these alleged covid injections really are. They are not about health but about submission to the “world” in an ungodly allegiance, for that they are really saying that you must make a blood covenant with the world/the devil in order to live in the world, or else you are not worthy to live or not worthy to have any life in this world.

    James 4:4 Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.

    Recently, I walked into a bookstore and just randomly picked up a book and found a passage from Marcus Aurelius who was noted as one of the few “good” Roman Emperors and who was also a philosopher. Now, although he appeared to be ignorant of the true God, he did not appear to be a bad man. Here is a statement from him I randomly found, which is relevant.

    From his book in Chapter 10:
    “XVII. So live as indifferent to the world and all worldly objects, as one who liveth by himself alone upon some desert hill. For whether here, or there, if the whole world be but as one town, it matters not much for the place. Let them behold and see a man, that is a man indeed, living according to the true nature of man. If they cannot bear with me, let them kill me. For better were it to die, than so to live as they would have thee.”

    Richard Paulson.

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